The Autonomic Nervous Systems Runs the Body and the Brain

This system is very complex.  The autonomic nervous system controls internal body processes such as the following: Blood pressureHeart and breathing ratesBody temperatureDigestionMetabolism (thus affecting body weight)The balance of water and electrolytes (such as sodium and calcium)The production of body fluids (saliva, sweat, and tears)UrinationDefecationSexual response https://www.merckmanuals.com/en-ca/home/brain,-spinal-cord,-and-nerve-disorders/autonomic-nervous-system-disorders/overview-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system All of these internal body processes are important… Continue reading The Autonomic Nervous Systems Runs the Body and the Brain

Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Dysregulation in Bipolar Disorder

If the sympathetic nervous system [which is part of the autonomic nervous system ] is unable to function properly because parts of it are broken or injured, then this would more than explain the neuroendocrine and autonomic dysregulation in Bipolar Disorder. The vital signs are part of the autonomic nervous system [made up of neurons… Continue reading Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Dysregulation in Bipolar Disorder

Patterns

Patterns of behaviour are important clues, especially in illness. In my opinion, patterns of behavior [including the behavior of thinking and emotion] in illness, point to possible underlying physiological problems. Any behavior which reduces appetite, feeding behavior ,weight and locomotor activity and sleep is significant and needs to be looked at closely. Kraepelin understood these… Continue reading Patterns

Mind, Loss of Mind, Abnormal Vital Signs

Getting the word out to health professionals............ Dear Dr X, Thank you for your research and your thoughts. Regarding your article on ___________________ [this time it is ...a paper about ...the important contributions of remote monitoring to ongoing medical evaluation;... the one vital sign you have neglected is respiratory rate, which is especially important to… Continue reading Mind, Loss of Mind, Abnormal Vital Signs

Acute memory loss and cognitive impairment

is a puzzle to be solved, we think. Restoring baseline memory and cognition should be the goal in attacks of bipolar illness. It should be the goal in other syndromes as well, such as acute delirium, depression, dementia and the many presentations of any altered mental status. Any prolonged disturbances of normal physiological processes can… Continue reading Acute memory loss and cognitive impairment

Questions: Are baseline respiratory rates stable in adults after injuries, blood loss and/or infections and viruses?

A friend of ours had a baseline respiratory rate of 8 breaths per minute around ten years ago when she was healthy. Compared to Paula's rate of 3 breaths per minute, we thought this was pretty good but it turns out to be considered not so good by health professionals. It is on the edge,… Continue reading Questions: Are baseline respiratory rates stable in adults after injuries, blood loss and/or infections and viruses?

Gaseous Signaling Molecules

Gaseous signaling molecules are gaseous molecules that are either synthesised internally (endogenously) in the organism, tissue or cell or are received by the organism, tissue or cell from outside (say, from the atmosphere or hydrosphere, as in the case of oxygen) and that are used to transmit chemical signals which induce certain physiological or biochemical changes in the organism, tissue or cell. The term is applied to, for… Continue reading Gaseous Signaling Molecules