Chronic Dread

Chronic dread is what Paula was most aware of during her eighteen month attack of bipolar depression. Chronic dread and psychomotor retardation [psychiatric term for cognitive and memory impairment and lethargy with hidden internal agitation] . These are not part of normal emotion; these are not anxiety or "generalized anxiety disorder" or any other psychological… Continue reading Chronic Dread

Working on a Title….

  In the process of constructing this post...............Ventilation is the complex motor act of moving air in and out of the lungs and body. Ventilation depends on skeletal muscle. We all know about neuromuscular disease, especially when the progression is visible and occurs in front of our eyes. Loosing the ability to stand, walk, to… Continue reading Working on a Title….

Questions: Are baseline respiratory rates stable in adults after injuries, blood loss and/or infections and viruses?

A friend of ours had a baseline respiratory rate of 8 breaths per minute around ten years ago when she was healthy. Compared to Paula's rate of 3 breaths per minute, we thought this was pretty good but it turns out to be considered not so good by health professionals. It is on the edge,… Continue reading Questions: Are baseline respiratory rates stable in adults after injuries, blood loss and/or infections and viruses?

Gaseous Signaling Molecules

Gaseous signaling molecules are gaseous molecules that are either synthesised internally (endogenously) in the organism, tissue or cell or are received by the organism, tissue or cell from outside (say, from the atmosphere or hydrosphere, as in the case of oxygen) and that are used to transmit chemical signals which induce certain physiological or biochemical changes in the organism, tissue or cell. The term is applied to, for… Continue reading Gaseous Signaling Molecules

The Amazing Properties of Skeletal Muscles, the Motor Act of Breathing and the Complex Molecular System of Consciousness and Mind

Paula and I think that, in first episode bipolar illness, physically * injurious events [such as hypercapnia in COPD or chronic ventilatory failure] crucially occur in the setting of exacerbations and infections [57,58], which lead to acute decompensations for limited periods of time , after which patients typically fail to recover the baseline status they… Continue reading The Amazing Properties of Skeletal Muscles, the Motor Act of Breathing and the Complex Molecular System of Consciousness and Mind

pH, Brain Function and the importance of the motor skeletal respiratory muscles and nerves

Dr Emile Kraepelin, towards the end of his career in 1926, hypothesized that patients with [untreated] manic depressive insanity [bipolar illness] were suffering from metabolic dysfunction.Because of his research findings, Kraepelin suspected a Respiratory acid base problem affecting locomotor activity, mood and brain function. * Kraepelin measured respiratory rates, blood pressure, heart rate and body… Continue reading pH, Brain Function and the importance of the motor skeletal respiratory muscles and nerves

Breathing, the skeletal muscles, internal CO2 production and the Mind

So we hope to have reinforced the importance of the respiratory muscles in t controlling internally generated carbon dioxide and how this relates to the proper function of the brain and of our ability to think and to remember. [Internal CO2 is continually produced during life , by our cells {along with water and energy… Continue reading Breathing, the skeletal muscles, internal CO2 production and the Mind

Carbon Dioxide is Produced by our very own Cells

The energy in food is converted into energy that can be used by the body's cells. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water, and energy and the energy is transferred to ATP, an important fuel used by cells. Carbon dioxide helps the blood to flow throughout the brain. Internal… Continue reading Carbon Dioxide is Produced by our very own Cells

The Skeletal Muscles through the lifespan; and changes to thinking, breathing and moving.

Think about the growth and changes to our physical skeleton and to our skeletal muscles as we reach physical maturity by age 15, 20, 25 and 30. . Not only do we grow to our adult size, but our reproductive system becomes active as well. It is amazing, when you consider the magnitude of these… Continue reading The Skeletal Muscles through the lifespan; and changes to thinking, breathing and moving.