The Nervous System

is responsible for consciousness. Consciousness [arousal and cognition] is a result of teamwork. Teamwork involving the whole body, linked and commanded by nervous tissue of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. .... still working on this idea] A major function of the nervous system is to control the relative constancy of the… Continue reading The Nervous System

The hypothalamus and the regulation of bodily systems

The measurement of the vital signs of blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate [and minute ventilation] and body temperature is an important way to begin evaluating the function of the hypothalamus. And abnormal patterns of these vital signs may be due to abnormal functioning of the hypothalamus OR may be due to injuries impeding the… Continue reading The hypothalamus and the regulation of bodily systems

The autonomic nervous system is part of the peripheral nervous system

My complete understanding NOW is that abnormal minute ventilation is a disorder of the peripheral nervous system….and involves the autonomic nervous system [sympathetic and parasympathetic] and the somatic [motor] parts and this disorder WILL affect the central nervous system [the brain and the spine. This is the reason for the disturbance of cognition and memory… Continue reading The autonomic nervous system is part of the peripheral nervous system

The Autonomic Nervous Systems Runs the Body and the Brain

This system is very complex.  The autonomic nervous system controls internal body processes such as the following: Blood pressureHeart and breathing ratesBody temperatureDigestionMetabolism (thus affecting body weight)The balance of water and electrolytes (such as sodium and calcium)The production of body fluids (saliva, sweat, and tears)UrinationDefecationSexual response,-spinal-cord,-and-nerve-disorders/autonomic-nervous-system-disorders/overview-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system All of these internal body processes are important… Continue reading The Autonomic Nervous Systems Runs the Body and the Brain

Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Dysregulation in Bipolar Disorder

If the sympathetic nervous system [which is part of the autonomic nervous system ] is unable to function properly because parts of it are broken or injured, then this would more than explain the neuroendocrine and autonomic dysregulation in Bipolar Disorder. The vital signs are part of the autonomic nervous system [made up of neurons… Continue reading Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Dysregulation in Bipolar Disorder


Patterns of behaviour are important clues, especially in illness. In my opinion, patterns of behavior [including the behavior of thinking and emotion] in illness, point to possible underlying physiological problems. Any behavior which reduces appetite, feeding behavior ,weight and locomotor activity and sleep is significant and needs to be looked at closely. Kraepelin understood these… Continue reading Patterns

Mind, Loss of Mind, Abnormal Vital Signs

Getting the word out to health professionals............ Dear Dr X, Thank you for your research and your thoughts. Regarding your article on ___________________ [this time it is ...a paper about ...the important contributions of remote monitoring to ongoing medical evaluation;... the one vital sign you have neglected is respiratory rate, which is especially important to… Continue reading Mind, Loss of Mind, Abnormal Vital Signs

Acute memory loss and cognitive impairment

is a puzzle to be solved, we think. Restoring baseline memory and cognition should be the goal in attacks of bipolar illness. It should be the goal in other syndromes as well, such as acute delirium, depression, dementia and the many presentations of any altered mental status. Any prolonged disturbances of normal physiological processes can… Continue reading Acute memory loss and cognitive impairment