Singing and Whistling as Forceful Exhaling.

Singing changes breathing pattern and rate and depth.  The brain carefully monitors ratios  of 02/C02  in the blood and has many ways to tweak it; singing and physical activity are examples of this. Singing is a form of enhanced exhaling and exhaling is how we prevent retention of endogenous carbon dioxide in the blood and tissues.  I… Continue reading Singing and Whistling as Forceful Exhaling.

Has Memory become a problem for you?

If the doctor had asked Paula this question, she would have said yes. Paula could still recognize her problem. She could still answer focused questions. Focused questions were really the only questions she could answer. Paula could not form her thoughts for long and she could not easily verbalize her disappearing thoughts. She knew she… Continue reading Has Memory become a problem for you?

The Wrong Way to Ask Questions

when a patient is experiencing subjective cognitive decline or partial amnesia. Psychologists and doctors will often use "open ended questions" rather than focused questions when beginning an interview. Questions such as ..."what brings you here" or what would you like to discuss today, etc...This will usually bring out polite or vague answers from a patient… Continue reading The Wrong Way to Ask Questions

Subjective Cognitive Decline and Disruption of “Voluntary Initiation of Action”.

"The conscious experience of deciding that is associated with the voluntary initiation of action is a key element of everyday life. A central objective in the study of voluntary action has been to identify how changes in neural activity are related to the timing of the conscious decision to act. Investigating this relationship has been… Continue reading Subjective Cognitive Decline and Disruption of “Voluntary Initiation of Action”.

Hidden amnesia in Major Depression

"Being a little forgetful is completely different than having amnesia. Amnesia refers to a large-scale loss of memories that should not have been forgotten". What is amnesia and how is it treated? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/9673 "Amnesia can be hard to detect, especially in a relatively silent person. People with amnesia usually retain knowledge of their own identity,… Continue reading Hidden amnesia in Major Depression

Cognitive disorders are now considered a core feature of the clinical picture of depression 

" In the past, little or no attention was paid to cognitive disorders associated with depression (a condition sometimes termed pseudodementia)............It is now recognized, on the basis of observations and scientific evidence, that cognitive disorders are a core feature of the clinical picture of depression and should not be considered merely secondary to it; moreover,… Continue reading Cognitive disorders are now considered a core feature of the clinical picture of depression 

The case of Paula, similarities, differences with the case of H.M.

H.M. was a very very famous patient, who received experimental surgery to correct his severe seizures. And, it worked. The seizures abated, but afterwards Henry Molaison was left with permanent amnesia. " He could remember some things — scenes from his childhood, some facts about his parents, and historical events that occurred before his surgery… Continue reading The case of Paula, similarities, differences with the case of H.M.

Paula’s mental imagery disappeared suddenly…..

.........making it very hard to remember the past and even harder to plan the future, affecting her ability to understand her present. Abstract Mental imagery provides an essential simulation tool for remembering the past and planning the future, with its strength affecting both cognition and mental health. Research suggests that neural activity spanning prefrontal, parietal,… Continue reading Paula’s mental imagery disappeared suddenly…..